From the Jar – The Ten Commandments (Do Not Murder)

Exodus 20:13 Thou shall not kill


Ref. Verses:
Deut. 5:17 Thou Shalt not  murder

  • But I don’t murder people, you may say.  Good.  That fulfills the letter of the law
  • But Jesus explained that hateful anger breaks this commandment (Matthew 5:21, 22)
  • Have you ever been so angry with someone who mistreated you that for a moment you could “do someone in anger”?
  • Jesus’ teaching concerning this law demonstrates that we are capable of murder in our hearts
  • Even if we are legally innocent, we are all morally guilty of murder and need to ask God’s forgiveness
  • We need to commit ourselves to the opposite of hatred and anger–love and reconciliation *1

Matthew 5:21, 22
21.  Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill, and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgement

22.  But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire

  • When Jesus said, “But I say unto you,” he was not doing away with the Law or adding his own beliefs.   Rather, he was giving a fuller understanding of why god made that Law in the first place.
  • For example, when Moses said, “Thou shalt not kill,” (Exodus 20:13), Jesus taught, “Don’t even become angry enough to murder, for then you have already committed murder in your heart.”
  • The Pharisees read this Law and,  not having murdered, felt righteous.  Yet they were angry enough with Jesus that they would soon plot his murder, though they would not do the dirty work themselves
  • We miss the intent of God’s Word when we read his rules for living without trying to understand why he made them
  • When do you keep God’s rules but close your eyes to his intent?
  • Murder is a terrible sin, but anger is a great sin too becuase it also violates God’s command to love
  • Anger in this case refers to a seething, brooding bitterness against someone.  It is a dangerous emotional hurt, increased mental stress, and spiritual damage
  • Anger keeps us from developing a spirit pleasing to God
  • Have you ever been proud that you didn’t strike out and say what was really on your mind?
  • Self-control is good, but Christ wants us to practice thought-control as well
  • Jesus said we will be held accountable even for our attitudes *2

*1 Bulleted Thoughts from Life application Study Bible Notes on Deuteronomy 5:17, pg 314

*2  Bulleted Thoughts from Life Application Study Bible Notes on Matthew 5:21, 22, pg 1563



“An optimist sees an opportunity in every calamity; a pessimist sees a calamity in every opportunity.”
– Sir Winston Churchill

1 Thessalonians 5:18 ISV In everything be thankful, because this is God’s will for you in the Messiah Jesus.

Optimism Defined

OP’TIMISM, n. [L. optimus, best.] The opinion or doctrine that every thing in nature is ordered for the best; or the order of things in the universe that is adapted to produce the most good.

The true and amiable philosophy of optimism.

A system of strict optimism may be the real system in both cases every.

Ref. Verses:

Eph 5:20 ISV you will consistently give thanks to God the Father for everything in the name of our Lord Jesus, the Messiah;

Phi 4:6 ISV Never worry about anything. Instead, in every situation let your petitions be made known to God through prayers and requests, with thanksgiving.

Col 3:17 ISV And whatever you do, whether by speech or action, do everything in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through him.

Job 1:21 ISV and exclaimed: “I left my mother’s womb naked, and I will return to God naked. The LORD has given, and the LORD has taken. May the name of the LORD be blessed.”

Psa 34:1 ISV I will bless the LORD at all times; his praise will be in my mouth continuously.

Heb 13:15 ISV Therefore, through him let us always bring God a sacrifice of praise, that is, the fruit of our lips that confess his name.

Optimism: A cheerful frame of mind that enables a tea kettle to sing though in hot water up to its nose.”
– Author Unknown

“An optimist sees an opportunity in every calamity; a pessimist sees a calamity in every opportunity.”
Sir Winston Churchill

From the Jar – The Ten Commandments, Honor your Father and Mother

Exodus 20:12 Honor your father and mother.  Then you will live a long, full life in the land the LORD your God is giving you.

  • This is the first commandment with a promise attached
  • To live in peace for generations in the Promised Land, the Israelites would need to respect authority and build strong families
  • But what does it mean to honor parents?
  • Partly, it means speaking well of them and politely to them
  • It also means acting in a way that shows themcourtesy and respect (but not to obey them if this menas disobedience of God)
  • Parents have a special place in God’s sight
  • Even those who find it difficult to get along with their parents are still commanded to honor them *1

Ref. Verses:

Exo. 21:15, 17

Lev. 19:3, 32

Deu. 5:16

1 Ki. 2:19

2 Ki. 2:12

Pro. 1:8, 9

Pro. 20:20


*1 Thoughts  from Life Application Study Bible note on Exodus 20:12 page 142

From the Jar – The Ten Commandments Keeping the Sabbath

Exodus 20:8 Remember to observe the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.

Remember to keep the Sabbath Holy

  • The Sabbath was a day set aside for rest and worship
  • God commanded a Sabbath because we need to spend unhurried time in worship and rest each week
  • A God who is concerned enough to provide a day each week for us to rest is indeed wonderful
  • To observe a regular time of rest and worship in our hurried world demonstrates the importance of God in our lives while having the extra benefit of refreshing our spirits

Ref. Verse:

Gen. 2:3 – God set the standard, He stop working, he blessed this day and made it holy.  How about you?

Ex. 16:23 – Sabbath observance

Ex. 31:12-15 – the Sabbath is a sign between you and me(God)

Deut. 5:12 – Restated “keep the Sabbath day holy”

Mark 2:27, 28 – Jesus said, “The Sabbath was made for people, not people for the Sabbath.”

The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath:  Thereforem the Son of man is Lord also of the Sabbath

  • God created the Sabbath for our benefit, not his own
  • God derives no benefit from having us rest on the Sabbath, but we are restored both physically and spiritually when we take time to rest and focus on God
  • For the Pharisees, Sabbath  laws had become more important than Sabbath rest
  • Both David and Jesus understood that the intent of God’s Law is to promote love for God and others
  • When we apply a law to other people, we should make sure we understand its purpose and intent so we don’t make harmful or inappropriate judgments *1
  • The Church is not organized for the sake of organization, but so Christ can be honored and glorified *2
  • While studying these guidelines don’t lose sight of what is most important in the life of the church–knowing God, working together in loving harmony, and taking God’s Good News to the world *2

Ref. Verse:

Ex.23:12 – you are to refrain from work, so that all can rest

Deut. 5:14 – no one is exempt from this command

Luke 4:16 – Jesus’ example of attending church(synagogue) regularly, makes any excuse for not going to church sound week and self serving.  Make regular worship a part of your life *3

Jn. 7:21-24 – Jesus said, “Stop judging by appearances, but judge with righteous judgment!”


  • Why should you go to church?
  • Why should we gather together as believers?
  • Why do so many not go to church?
  • Why do so many work on the Sabbath?
  • Why is it important to rest on the Sabbath?
  • What is meant by keeping the Sabbath holy?
  • What part does the Church play in keeping the Sabbath?
  • What does church mean to you?
  • What does church really look like to you?
  • What does the Sabbath mean to you?
  • Is it just as important to rest mentally, as well as physically?
  • What is church hurt, and how can we help those who have suffered the wrong done to them?
  • Should we allow church hurt to keep us from joining a fellowship (church)?
  • Who is really hurt by our not going to church or gathering together, God, others, our love ones, or us?

*1 Thoughts from Life Application Study Bible

*2  Thoughts from Life Application Study Bible, note on 1 Timoty 6:21, pg. 2134

*3 Thought from Life Application Study Bible, note on Luke 4:16, pg. 1720