From the JAR – The 10 Commandments Study Intro

What are they? Exodus 20:1

  • Verse 1 And God spake all these words saying
  • Verse 2 I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage
  • Verse 3 have Thou Shalt have no other gods before me
  • Verse 4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth;
  • Verse 5 Thou shalt not bow down thyeself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me.
  • Verse 7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain
  • Verse 8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy
  • Verse 12 honour thy father and mother; that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee
  • Verse 13 Thou shalt not kill
  • Verse 14 Thou shalt not commit adultery
  • Verse 15 Thou shalt not steal
  • Verse 16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour
  • Verse 17 Thou shalt ot covet thy neighbour’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighour’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox,nor his ass, nor anything that is thy neighbour’s

Why 10 and not 5 or 8?

  • Today we look at the number #10. The number “ten” is used 242 times in the Bible (“tenth” is used 79 times). Those who assign meaning to this number generally say that it is one of 4 numbers, along with 3, 7, and 12, that symbolize perfection or completion. This meaning would be carried on today when we say something or someone is a “10,” meaning perfect.*

What did the laws  signify?

  • Statements of the Covenant
  • The word “covenant, ” infrequently heard in conversation, is quite commonly used in legal, social (marriage), and religious and theological contexts.**
  • The Idea of Covenant. The term “covenant” is of Latin origin (con venire), meaning a coming together. It presupposes two or more parties who come together to make a contract, agreeing on promises, stipulations, privileges, and responsibilities.**
  • In religious and theological circles there has not been agreement on precisely what is to be understood by the biblical term. It is used variously in biblical contexts. In political situations, it can be translated treaty; in a social setting, it means a lifelong friendship agreement; or it can refer to a marriage.**
  • The biblical words most often translated “covenant” are berit [tyir.B] in the Old Testament (appearing about 280 times) and diatheke [diaqhvkh] in the New Testament (at least 33 times).**
  • The origin of the Old Testament word has been debated; some have said it comes from a custom of eating together ( Gen 26:30 ; 31:54 ); others have emphasized the idea of cutting an animal (an animal was cut in half [ 15:18 ]); still others have seen the ideas of perceiving or determining as root concepts.**
  • The preferred meaning of this Old Testament word is bond; a covenant refers to two or more parties bound together. This idea of bond will be explicated more fully.**

Are they relevant today?

Eph. 2:15

Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace

There are many barriers that can divide us from other Christians:

  • age
  • appearance
  • intelligence
  • political persuasion
  • economic status
  • race
  • theological perspective

One of the best ways to stifle Christ’s love is to cater only to those for whom we have natural affinity

Fortunately, Christ has knocked down the barriers and unified all believers in one family

His cross should be the focus of our unity

The Holy Spirit helps us look beyound the barriers to the unity we are called to enjoy

By his death, Christ ended the angry resentment between Jews and Gentiles, caused by the Jewish laws which favored the Jews and excluded the Gentiles

Christ died to annul that whole system of Jewish laws

Then he took the two groups that had been opposed to each other and made them parts of himself; thus he fused all believers together to become one new person***

*Thought from What is the significance of the number 10 (ten) in the Bible? by Steve Shirley

**Thoughts from “Covenant”


  1.  Which barrier separates you from other Christians?
  2. Are you even aware of the barriers that separates you from other believers?
  3. Do you focus more on the barriers than relationships?
  4. Where is God in your relationship with others?
  5. How’s your godly love doing today especially when you run into barriers put up by others?

*** Thoughts from Life Application Study Bible notes on Eph. 2:15


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